黑龙江快乐十分走势图

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CAISHUIYUANDI

避免股东纠纷的利器—被人忽略的投资协议

来源:财务经理学院    作者:ecfo

 

 

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我给你举个最简单的例子,说老张咱俩成立公司,我出房子你出钱,你出500万,我出一房子相当于500万,咱两黑龙江快乐十分走势图50%对50%。可以吗?可以啊,然后老张就把这500万投进去了,你把那房子作价投进去了,可是房子现在有些手续还没办完,说再晚一点儿投。为了公司成立,怎么办呢?说这样:你把250万放我账上,然后我们一人250万进去,500万注册资本,也是50%对50%。回头等房子办完手续了再把房子投进去,这可以的,这是可能会商量的一种方式。意味着什么呢?你在章程上肯定是写250万对250万,5:5,各自出钱了但实际上是你出500万我出房子,只是房子现在还没来得及办手续,然后第一步先做成这个样子了,免得没有房子那一半,我这边还不指导什么出,这都很麻烦。但章程并不代表真实的双方意思表示,这时候如果一旦中间闹出纠纷,比如我不出钱了,或者出了车祸,残了家里人就不认了,完了,我们家出钱啦,章程都说好啦,你得给我们家钱,这很麻烦。描述刚才说的那种情形呢?投资协议就起到这样一个作用了。咱们双方是自愿的,没有受威胁,又不欺诈,又不危害社会的,所有这些东西双方的意思表示写下来受合同法保护的,在这种情况下,如果你跟其他的大法不冲突,ok,在这个里面描述的东西就可以用于你以后法律保障,打官司,起诉,避免说不清楚,弄不明白,没有证据闹纠纷,投资协议就是起到这么一个作用。

比如刚才那个例子,说这样:老张你500万先出,我后出,因为注册资摆在这,什么时候出资都一样。好啊,老张就先出了50%,有权利分红,有权利表决。但是呢,可能过了一段时间就发现500万不够了,而那房子迟迟不出,一直在出租着呢。结果老张不高兴了:房子你还不处理呢,你天天租房也挣钱,然后公司你还要照常分红,我冒风险,这怎么能行呢?然后就打官司,就说不明白了。为啥呢?因为双方的约定章程里面规定,比如说没有写那么严谨,双方50%对50%,你出钱我出房子。原则上来讲应该在投资协议里约定什么时候出资,什么时候办手续,手续办不来怎么办,是不是没房子就拿钱,没有钱拿东西,还是不行就给你退股,还是折股,等等等,你要有一些事先的约定,预料到可能出现的问题,章程这件事情,描述是静态的,而你这个投资协议描述的是意思表示,这个意思供人家去判断谁对谁错,白纸黑字,你别说你忘了,当年你说了把这个房子要放进来的,ok了,这是一种方式。

 

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